George Benjamin Luks Papers, 1920-1994

A Finding Aid to the George Benjamin Luks Papers

Helen Farr Sloan Library, Delaware Art Museum

Wilmington, Delaware

Accessioned: Acquired through the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1994
Extent: 4 linear ft.
Access: Unrestricted
Processed: Sarena Deglin, 2003
Contact Information:

Helen Farr Sloan Library
Delaware Art Museum
2301 Kentmere Parkway
Wilmington, DE 19806


Biography of George Benjamin Luks
Scope and Contents Note
Organization of the papers
Description of the papers



George Benjamin Luks was born August 13th, 1866(7) in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. He attended the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He traveled to Europe in 1885 where he studied at the Dusseldorf Academy in Germany and later painted in Paris and London. After his ten year sojourn to Europe, Luks returned to Pennsylvania and started his career as a newspaper artist/illustrator for the Philadelphia Press. In 1896 the Evening Bulletinsent Luks to Cuba as a war correspondent for the Spanish American War. Between 1896-1897 he worked for the New York World where he continued to illustrate news stories and draw caricatures. He left the World to work for the Journal where he continued the weekly comic page known at various times as Hogan’s Alley, The Yellow Kid, and McFadden’s Flats.

Once his paintings began to sell, Luks stopped working as a newspaper illustrator to devote his attention to painting. He exhibited as a member of “The Eight” at the Macbeth Gallery in 1908, and participated in the famous Armory show in 1913. He taught at the Art Students League of New York and later started a school of his own. Luks died October 29, 1933.

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The George Benjamin Luks Papers represent the research of Arthur H. Lewis. Much of the primary material was acquired through Samuel Ross Ballin, a friend, art collector and lawyer of Milban, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy. The primary material includes original correspondence between Luks and C.W. Kraushaar, Root, Clark, Buckner & Howland, Samuel R. Ballin, and various members of the Luks family. Includes legal documentation of the divorce agreement between Luks and both his first and second wives, Anabelle Luks and Emma L. Luks (Frankenburg). Includes primary material from Luks’ brother, Wilhelm (Will), the executor of the George B. Luks Estate, regarding the availability of information and works of art for exhibition and research purposes.

The secondary material, originating from Arthur H. Lewis, includes correspondence, interviews and research notes. Interviews are recorded on audiocassettes.

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Series I. Correspondence
Series II. Legal documents
Series III. Wilhelm Luks
Series IV. Arthur H. Lewis Material
Series V. Note cards
Series VI. Audiocassette interviews, 1979-1981

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Series I. Correspondence

Box 1

Folder 1: Received from Samuel Ross Ballin, December 26, 1979 – George and Wilhelm (Will) material
Folder 2: George and Will Luks
Folder 3: George and Will Luks, photocopies, 1920-1971
Folder 4: George and Will Luks, photocopies, no date
Series II. Legal documents

Folder 5: George and Emma L. Luks
Folder 6: December 24, 1930
Series III. Wilhelm Luks

Folder 7: Sonnets to Ilor, carbon copy
Folder 8: We Went to the Zoo, carbon copy
Series IV. Arthur H. Lewis Material

Folder 9: Correspondence, 1980s
Folder 10: Correspondence and interviews, 1980s
Folder 11: Copy of research material
Folder 12: “The Case of Dr. T”

Box 2

Folder 13-17: Research notes
Folder 18: Attempts at Luks chronology
Folder 19: Brief sketch of George Benjamin Luks
Folder 20: “People I Interviewed”
Folder 21: Institutions, Libraries, Galleries, etc. Researched
Folder 22: List of people that should be interviewed
Folder 23: “My own involvement with Luks”
Folder 24: George B. Luks a/k/a “Chicago Whitey”, Chapter One
Folder 25: Chapter Two
Folder 26: Chapter ?
Folder 27: The American Magazine, 1890-1940, Delaware Art Museum, 1979
Folder 28: Catalogs
Folder 29: Reviews of Luks’ works and bibliography
Series V. Note cards

Box 3

Note cards
Series VI. Audiocassette interviews, 1979-1981

Box 4

Samuel Ross Ballin, various dates, 1979-1981
Daniel W. Luks and H. Andrea Luks, January 20, 1980
Margaret (Peggy) Luks Malczynski, January 1980
Elizabeth Luks Malczynski
Lore Luks Van den Heuvel, January 17, 1980
Mrs. Kraemer N. (Gertrude) Luks, January 17, 1980
George B. Luks (Young George), January 1980
Mercedes Diaz Luks, December 1979, July 1980
B.A. Bergman
Antoinette Kraushaar, February 13, 1980
John Clancy
Helen Sloan, March 10, 1980
Edgar P. Richardson
Ira Glackens, April 2, 1980
Bennard Perlman, March 19, 1980
Andrew King Grugan, September 24, 1980
Steward Klonis
Lawrence Campbell
Robert B. Koslosky
Barbara Tweed, January 14, 1980
William B. Hennessey, March 1980
Ray Walsh
Mrs. Mrs. Robert Impink
Estelle Powers
Louis Mozdy, November 27, 19[74]
Bill O’Brien
Sam Smith
Ed Conrad
Dr. Naysh Brennan
Mrs. Sarah Cooper
Edwin G. Fox
Charles W. Delp
Martin L. Cuff
Joseph M. Hanney
Margaret Crane, Fall 1980
Albert S. Callan, Jr., September 15-16, 1980
Elizabeth Olds, October 1980
Frank Eliscu, October 1980
Harry Burley, October 1980
Mike Hanson, Fall 1980
Joe Young, Fall 1980
Mrs. John Williams
Philip C. Jessup, January 6, 1981
Elsie K. Belmont, January 13, 1981
Elsie Driggs, January 14, 1981
Iona Luks
Joan Luks Fay


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