Charles and Alice Beach Winter papers

A Finding Aid to the Charles and Alice Beach Winter papers

Helen Farr Sloan Library, Delaware Art Museum

Wilmington, Delaware

Accessioned:Partial gifts of Mrs. Walter E. Ekblaw and Roger Curtis
Extent: 8 linear ft.
Access: Unrestricted
Processed: Sarena Fletcher, 2006
Contact Information:

Helen Farr Sloan Library
Delaware Art Museum
2301 Kentmere Parkway
Wilmington, DE 19806



Biography of Charles Allan Winter
Biography of Alice Beach Winter
Scope and Contents Note
Description of the Papers



Charles Allan Winter was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, October 1869. His father, Alfred Allan Winter, came to the United States from England at the age of three years. His mother, Fannie Amelia (Ramsley) Winter, was born in Piermont, New York. The Ramsley family was among the earliest settlers of Newark, New Jersey. Four children were born to the couple, Charles was their first.

While he was an infant, the Winter family moved to Dayton, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati. Charles attended public school until the age of 12 years. After leaving school he was employed by a cousin, John Ramsley who conducted a confectionary establishment in Cincinnati. At the age of 15 he entered the Cincinnati Art Academy as a student, mornings only, continuing to work afternoons at Ramsley’s. He was able to attend the art academy only part time, some of the time the night session only, for seven years or until he was 22. The next two years he attended both the day and night sessions. His teachers included Vincent Nowottny, Lewis Lutz, and Thomas S. Noble.

In 1894 Charles won a foreign scholarship competition given by the art academy with which he traveled abroad for three years in Paris, France. Tuition and all personal expenses were covered by the scholarship. At the Académie Julian he studied under Adolphe-William Bouguereau and Gabriel Ferrier. He spent eight months of the three year scholarship in Rome, Italy.

At the completion of the three years, Charles prolonged his stay in Europe until he received an invitation to teach a portrait class at the St. Louis School of Fine Art, Missouri, where he remained for three years.

In 1901 Charles moved to New York and took a studio at 8 East 59th Street, where he lived when he married Alice Mary Beach on January 1, 1904.

Charles died in 1942.

Charles was an illustrator and landscape and marine painter who used bright colors and impressionist style. He painted at Gloucester, Massachusetts and St. Louis, Missouri and exhibited at the Paris Salon and the Art Institute of Chicago. His illustrations were published in magazines such as Collier’sCosmopolitan, Hearst’s magazines, and The Masses.



Alice Mary Beach was born in Green Ridge, Missouri, March 22, 1877 to Edgar Rice and Frances Emeline Beach. Her father was an editor on the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. She was born into a family mainly of writers and actors. At age five she was copying pictures from magazines and books.

Alice began her formal studies at the St. Louis School of Fine Art in 1892. She was 14 years old, the youngest pupil at the time. She worked after hours at the school to pay tuition when she was 16 and 17.

Alice graduated in 1898, coincidentally the same year Charles entered the school as instructor. She traveled to New York where she spent one full season at the Art Students’ League, studying with John Twachtman, Joseph DeCamp, and George deForest Brush.

Alice reunited with Charles in New York and the couple was married in 1904. Together they occupied their 59th Street studio where they spent 30 years working on their paintings and illustrations. During this time they met many well-known artists of their day – John Sloan, Robert Henri, George Bellows and Paul Tietjens.

In 1912 Alice joined with other writers and artists in New York, such as Max Eastman, John Sloan and Art Young, to establish The Masses as a radical magazine. She later became the magazine’s art editor and was responsible for several of its front covers.

In 1914 Charles and Alice began summering in Gloucester, Massachusetts. In 1922 they built a studio house at 134 Mt. Pleasant Avenue. There they socialized with notable artists such John Sloan, Robert Henri, Leon Kroll, Aldro T. Hibbard, W. Lester Stevens, Jane Peterson and William Glackens. Days were spent painting on location and evenings were filled with talks of artistic technique and trends.

Charles and Alice settled as full-time residents of their Massachusetts home in 1931, where they became instrumental teachers in the artists’ community.

Alice Beach Winter died in 1970.

Alice Beach Winter was a painter, sculptor, and illustrator and was especially known for her child portraits and illustration genre for children’s magazines. In 1907 Alice was listed in Who’s Who in America and shortly after her profile was published in Women’s Who’s Who and Marquis Who’s Who of American Women. She was a member of the National Association of Women Artists, North Shore Art Association, Business & Professional Women’s Club, Gloucester and the Gloucester Art Association. She exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Chicago Art Institute, Carnegie Internationals and elsewhere. Her paintings appear in many books and magazines dating from 1930-1960 including the Delineator.



Spartacus Educational, “Alice Beach Winter,” (accessed March 6, 2006)

Pierce Galleries, Inc. & Apollo-Pierce Galleries, “Alice Beach Winter,” (accessed March 6, 2006)

AskART, The American Artists Bluebook, “Alice Mary (Beach) Winter” and “Charles Allen Winter,” (accessed March 6, 2006)

Who was who in American Art, Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.

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The Charles and Alice Beach Winter papers consist of primary material, including color charts, musical notes, magazine and newspaper clippings, photographs taken by Charles Allen Winter, and a scrapbook of published illustrations among other items. Mrs. Walter E. Ekblaw, niece of Alice Beach Winter, donated the first half of the papers. Roger Curtis donated the second half, in which the bulk of the photographic material is located.

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Box 1 – Gift of Mrs. Walter E. Ekblaw

Folder 1 – Manuscript – Part I: Typed translation: Jean D’Udine – Orchestration of Color Part 1 (title page – p.76)

Folder 2 – Manuscript – Part II: Typed translation: Jean D’Udine – Orchestration of Color Part II (p.77 – 96)

Folder 3 – Manuscript – Part III: Handwritten translation – Jean D’Udine – Orchestration of Color Part III (p. 95 – 296, list of books; intro.)

Folder 4 – Music Notebooks

Folder 5 – Notebooks – Musical Notes

Folder 6 – Charles Allan Winter – 2 notebooks

Folder 7 – Manuscript regarding Color Thing

Folder 8 – Charles Allan Winter – Manuscript – The Direct Action Palette

Folder 9 – Pad – Color Triangle / Notes – Geometric Form

Folder 10 – Charles Allan Winter 1. Whirling Square Rectangle Notes / 2. Color Notes

Folder 11 – Drawing – Storage Unit for Pigments

Folder 12 – Drawings

Folder 13 – Charles Allan Winter – Collection of reproductions by other artists

Folder 14 – Maurice Becker – Masses Clipping

Folder 15 – Walter Crane – Clipping

Folder 16 – Clippings

Folder 17 – Paul Tietjens – Piano Sonata # 1 in A minor – inscribed to Charles Allan Winter


Box 2 – Gift of Mrs. Walter E. Ekblaw

Color studies

Butterfly sketches


Box 3 – Gift of Mrs. Walter E. Ekblaw

Folder 1 – Color Swatches

Folder 2 – Charles Allan Winter, Color Studies, 1916

Folder 3 – Charles Allan Winter, Color Studies, July 1916

Folder 4 – Charles Allan Winter – Universal Palette, June 1, 1921 / Color Studies

Folder 5 – Charles Allan Winter – Color Swatches

Folder 6 – Charles Allan Winter – Color Studies

Folder 7 – Color Charts

Folder 8 – Color Charts

Folder 9 – Charles Allan Winter – Abstract Color Studies

Folder 10 – Charles Allan Winter – Color Studies

Folder 11 – Charles Allan Winter – Color Charts and Studies

Folder 12 – Chart

Folder 13 – 2 Diagrams

Folder 14 – J. Scheuelle, Watercolor, Dated June 93


Box 4 – Gift of Mrs. Walter E. Ekblaw

4 Color charts

4 Sketches with charts

Color disks


Box 5  Gift of Roger Curtis

Folder 1 – Album: Photographs – Portraits / Alice Beach Winter / Recent

Folder 2 – Alice Beach Winter – Clippings

Folder 3 – Photographs: of clippings about Charles Allan Winter and Alice Beach Winter – (original scrapbooks not owned by DAM)

Folder 4 – Charles Allan Winter – Clippings

Folder 5 – Charles Allan Winter – City Hall Mural, 1937 / Gloucester City Council in Session

Folder 6 – WPA Correspondence – Gloucester Murals


Box 6  Gift of Roger Curtis

Photographs: Ocean, Rocks, etc.  Gloucester, Massachusetts. / Photographer: Probably Charles Allan Winter

Photographs of Charles Allan Winter

Photographs – Alice Beach Winter

Photographs:  Miscellaneous Women

Photograph Album

Photographs – Hands and Feet

Photograph Album – “Self Poses” by Charles Allan Winter

Photographs – Some seem to be related to paintings


Box 7  Gift of Roger Curtis

Scrapbook – Charles Allan Winter clippings

Portfolio of sketches by Alice Beach Winter

Cover design, the Style Book

Oversize photographs and proofs

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